Using sustainable farming methods can be economically beneficial for farmers, can result in an overall reduction of costs, and also support social equality.
As we progress in time and technology, our methods do too. We start to understand how our actions affect the environment and through this journey, we are able to improve our practices to further help the future world. Two techniques called sustainable and regenerative farming have recently emerged as effective practices that protect the ecosystem around them. As similar, as they may sound, explains how different they actually are.
Sustainable Farming is, like it sounds, farming in sustainable ways. The key idea is that the practice must meet society’s present and future textile and food needs. Basically, it must not compromise the ability for current and especially future generations to meet their needs. The technique is based on an understanding of hurting the environment minimally while maintaining at least the same supply of agricultural products after the enhanced techniques used. This is where regenerative farming becomes a little bit different.
Regenerative farming on the other had focuses completely on improving agricultural land and its ecosystem. It focuses more on the future than the present. The idea behind this system is instead of destroying or depleting resources we can improve and repurpose them. Its conservation and rehabilitation approach to food and farming systems is what makes it a successful technique. The system recognizes that natural systems are currently impacted and it applies management techniques to restore the system to improved productivity.
With the use of these enhanced farming techniques, many farmers have improved the environment around them. However, the benefits of both methods are quite different.
In sustainable farming, the top three benefits are pollution prevention, improved biodiversity, and large contributions to environmental conservation. Pollution is prevented because when sustainable farming is carried, the waste produced remains inside the farm’s ecosystem. Eventually, it is recycled into unharmful, pure substances that become a part of that ecosystem. Biodiversity is improved through the techniques of sustainable farming use like rotating crops. Also, this results in enriched soil, prevention of diseases, and prevention of outbreaks of pests. Last but not least, sustainable farming makes large contributions to environmental conservation because sustainable farming helps put back materials from the environment back into the ground. It also replenishes land and other resources like soil, water, and air to make them sufficiently available for the coming generations.
Regenerative farming also has many benefits like increasing the soil’s water-holding capacity, stopping soil erosion and protecting the purity of groundwater. By adding additional organic matter to the soil, the soil is able to hold more water in it. Also, leaving the crops there to put back nutrients taken from there and leaving the roots underground stops soil erosion. Finally, by using no synthetic fertilizers, the farming does not put chemicals into the ground, in turn protecting the purity of the groundwater.
As much as regenerative and sustainable farming helps the environment, it also helps the farmers and their agricultural businesses as well.
Using sustainable farming methods can be economically beneficial for farmers, can result in an overall reduction of costs, and also support social equality. Resulting from that their dependence on government subsidies is reduced, farmers can earn a fair, and maybe even higher than before wage for their efforts to help the environment. Also, because sustainable farming minimizes the use and cost of purchasing fossil fuel and reduces transportation costs, it can result in an overall reduction of costs. Social equality is increased because practiced farmworkers often receive competitive salaries and benefits in farms that use sustainable farming. They are also treated with humanity; provided with a safe work environment, food, and proper living conditions.
Regenerative farming also provides many benefits for farmers themselves as well, however, these benefits are more focused on the long term. Crops become more disease resistant, pest resilient, and provide better yielding crops in the long term. Because crops have to live in their natural environment and without the help of chemicals, they had to adapt to the environment to survive. This causes them to become pest and disease resistant naturally. Also, without pesticides, fertilizers, and harsh chemicals, the purity of the cattle and crops increase. This leads to adaptions to the environment to provide better yielding crops.
At the end of the day, both of these techniques are great for farming, however, they just provide different benefits. It’s up to farmers to decide what they choose to use and when they use it. Both of these farming techniques help conserve the environment they’re in, but, they just have different ways to do so.
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